Bullying in school has always been a problem. As time goes by, it is getting worse. Check out the main types of bullies to help you understand how to deal with them.
Bullying in school continues to be a problem that takes forms in different ways, depending on the culture and the location of the educational institution. Bulling is unwelcomed behavior or unwarranted criticism from another person or entity. School administrations and state branches attempt to discourage bullying in schools; they pass new laws, implement new programs, and encourage students to support each other.
The following are nine types of bullies and their intended targets. These descriptions are based on studies and research conducted within the last 10 years.
A sadistic bully has a low level of empathy towards others. The purpose of this type of bullying is self-gratification. Does this person bully privately or publicly? Does this person have one aim or a number of aims? Most sadistic bullies need to feel omnipotent and, at times, appear to have a high self-esteem.
A bystander bully has a high degree of anxiety for the consequences of his behavior. He prefers not to participate in the bullying behavior directly, choosing to be a silent witness. An example of a bystander bully is a person who watches a bully engage in bullying behavior while doing nothing to stop it.
An accessory bully maintains a dependent relationship with another bully as a bully friend. This person encourages the behavior of another bully. An example of this person is a friend of a bully who encourages the bully to display bullying behavior.
Conditional bullies have a low degree of anxiety concerning incurring consequences of their negative behavior, but have a typical degree of empathy for others. These bullies determine their targets based on events or related actions.
Imitative bullies copy negative and positive behaviors in their environment. They are not dependent on the bully they imitate and identify with both the bully and the subject. This person focuses on inclusion and self-gratification.
Relational bullies maintain personal relationships with the subject of bullying. They don’t display bullying behavior to strangers or acquaintances. If the bully doesn’t have a subject, the bully will develop a friendship, which makes these bullies charming, friendly, and engaging.
Impulsive bullies have random and spontaneous behavior. They are likely to be subjected to bullying themselves. Their incidents of bullying are opportunity-based. If no opportunity is present, they will not develop an opportunity.
An accidental bully is a person unaware of his behavior and its impact on the subject. An example of this type of bully or bullying event is taking a joke to an inappropriate level.
These bullies are highly defensive and display nervous behaviors such as rapid speech, emotional irregularities, and daydreaming. They may begin as subjects of bulling behavior and graduate to bullying during retaliation.