One of the causes of overload for students in school is a large amount of homework. Modern students are given big loads in school. Many students get so tired that they can hardly do their homework at home on their own. In some cases this leads to students ignoring the tasks of the teacher or performing them only partially. Homework statistics shows that as a result, the student will receive low grades, and he or she will start to lag behind the program.
Many students can do their homework for one hour (maximum two hours). According to statistics, homework is painful for students, because they often have to sit all evening while doing it. Students ask themselves the following question: how do I do homework within one or two hours? Many people attribute this to the fact that teachers ask too much. Others say that teachers assign very complex tasks.
Questions About Homework for Consideration
Let’s look at the questions that students are most concerned about when they do their homework. Many students note that they have difficulty managing tasks in a concentrated manner for 30-40 minutes. Students can be distracted by eating, watching TV, and computer games. Despite the established standards, there are cases of an excess of volume of homework for several hours. Homework statistics show that the increase in load has its consequences: students may have a high prevalence and severity of neuropsychic disorders, great fatigue, immune dysfunctions, and lower resistance to diseases.
- Is it right to assign homework for a vacation or a weekend? Vacation is considered to be the time of rest, and not of working on homework.
- Can the homework contain new material that the child has not yet studied at school? In this case, much depends on the tasks that the teacher assigns. If the teacher wants the student to memorize the material at home which was passed during the lesson, the teacher offers the student the appropriate material. According to statistics, homework should be clear to every student, that is, all students must know exactly what to do and how to do it. On the other hand, it is necessary to stimulate the student’s creativity in the research activity. When performing such tasks,students may encounter new and unexplored material for self-study and subsequent discussion in a lesson with the teacher.
- How can the number of exercises in the English language or tasks in mathematics that a teacher can assign be determined? The approximate amount of homework that a teacher can assign can be contained in a local act of the educational institution (for example, a regulation on homework). Educational organizations develop this regulation independently, taking into account the specifics of the school’s work and methodological recommendations.
- How do students complete homework? The answer is simple: they either sit at a table until late at night, trying to “get to the bottom of the question,” or they deftly download essays and other papers, or they simply do not do anything. What is the way out of this situation? Should we correctly organize the process, revise school programs, or do both together?
Rules for Doing Your Homework
There are several rules that will help you effectively use time for doing homework.
- Rule one: do not start doing your homework immediately after coming from school. After lunch, you need an hour and a half to rest, and only then start completing your assignments.
- Rule two: do not start with the most difficult tasks. A difficult task sometimes takes a lot of time, or something goes wrong, causing the student to feel unsuccessful, and the desire to work further disappears. It’s worth starting with something easier or more enjoyable, and with tasks that will be done in any case.
- Rule three: work with breaks. If, after 20-30 minutes of intensive work, the junior student begins to be distracted (he or she is tired), a 10-minute break is needed. You can turn on music and move, eat an apple, or drink juice. High school students should take a break in 40-45 minutes. Trying to perform all the tasks without breaks does not have a positive effect.
Forty-five minutes is the duration of intensive work without distraction that an adult can handle. Another important thing: students should have their own place for doing homework – if not a room, then a corner with a table and a chair according to the height. The student should not sit in the kitchen, where family members cook or make noise. It’s also bad if the TV is playing nearby, and the younger sibling is running around or the dog is whining. It is simply distracting.
And what about students who simply do not have time to learn all the lessons physically? They get out as they can. Most often, the load is unevenly distributed over the days of the week. In general, it is useful to make a diary and track what time it takes (to watch TV shows, to sit at a computer). Night vigils of doing homework are not very effective. In addition to reducing sleep time, it is more difficult to fall asleep after a late session of studying.
From the answers of 130 students interviewed who study in different classes, it follows that the time they spend for homework does not always depend on how much of it is assigned. One student sits over textbooks for two or three hours, while another allocates fifteen minutes for the same work. Fourteen of the respondents to the question on how much time they spend on homework answered that they do not do it at all.
In elementary school, it is good to neglect doing homework, according to H. Cooper, a professor at Duke University. This scientist was one of the authors of a large meta-analysis of educational research from 1987 to 2003. In it, the relationship between academic performance and the habit of doing homework was examined. So, according to the data, in high school it makes sense to study at home. In middle school, the rule of “more homework equals better knowledge” no longer looks so convincing, and in elementary school, this logic disappears altogether. Whether you do homework or not, there will not be much benefit.
Sometimes homework simply becomes harmful. In the same study, scientists argue against doing homework: tasks can lead to fatigue, stress, and loss of interest in the subject, and also a student wastes a lot of time that could be spent on hobbies and family affairs. By the way, this amazing conclusion comes to mind not only for scientists, but for any student. It is not a secret that the more tasks to be done, the lower the quality. The study, conducted under the leadership of the American researcher Fernandez-Alonso, suggests that if a high school student spends more than 90-100 minutes a day on homework, his or her grades creep down.
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